African Americans always told me that jumping the broom was something that had survived the middle passage and enslavement....

What is the truth?

Jumping the broom (Romani people) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In the US, it is commonly believed that the custom of "jumping the broom" originates in Africa.[9] Brooms have been symbols in parts of Africa: In Ghana, brooms would be waved over the heads of the couple.[10] But there are no recorded instances of "jumping the broom" in African weddings.[11]

According to scholar Alan Dundes this was a Romani custom which might have been adopted by white slave-owners in the US, and forced upon their black slaves.[1][12] More recent, some Wiccans have also adopted the custom.